DeMis: Data-efficient Misinformation Detection using Reinforcement Learning

Abstract

Given the speed and spread of information on social media, the influence and impact of misinformation can be consequential. Deep learning approaches are state-of-the-art for many natural language processing tasks, including misinformation detection. To train deep learning algorithms effectively, a large amount of training data is essential. Unfortunately, while unlabeled data are abundant, manually-labeled data are lacking for misinformation detection. In this paper, we propose DeMis, a novel reinforcement learning (RL) framework to detect misinformation on Twitter in a resource-constrained environment, i.e. limited labeled data. The main novelties result from (1) using reinforcement learning to identify high-quality weak labels to use with manually-labeled data to jointly train a classifier, and (2) using fact-checked claims to construct weak labels from unlabeled tweets. We empirically show the strength of this approach over the current state of the art and demonstrate its effectiveness in a low-resourced environment, outperforming other models by up to 8% (F1 score. We also find that our method is more robust to heavily imbalanced data. Finally, to support reproducibility, we publish a package containing code, trained models, and labeled data sets.

Publication
In Proceedings of the European Conference on Machine Learning and Principles and Practice of Knowledge Discovery in Databases (ECML-PKDD)
Kornraphop Kawintiranon
Kornraphop Kawintiranon
Ph.D. Candidate in CS

My research interests include AI/ML, NLP and Data Science.

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